Prostatitis is the most common disease in men. Previously, this ailment was predominantly affected by men whose age had crossed the 50 mark. But now even the youngest representatives of a strong statistic are sick with it. In the article we will tell you everything about prostatitis: we will reveal the causes of the disease, its symptoms and the ways to treat it.
The structure and location of the prostate.
The prostate (prostate gland) is a very important organ, "male" health depends on it.
The prostate gland is an unpaired organ with a fairly dense and elastic consistency.
The prostate includes connective tissue, muscle fibers, and connective cells. Inside, there are also ducts through which seminal fluid passes.
The organ is divided into several parts. The lower part connects to the muscles of the perineum. The smooth upper surface is adjacent to the bladder.
The organ consists of two lobes, which are closely connected to each other by an isthmus.It is the isthmus that plays an important role in age-related gland problems. The fact is that with age, it thickens and increases in size, thereby tightening the urinary ducts.This interrupts the normal flow of urine in the body.
The prostate is located below the bladder. The gland depends on the production of hormones, so it constantly changes in size with age. In a newborn baby, the organ is usually in its infancy and weighs no more than a few grams. In adolescence, iron begins to rapidly increase in size, grows up to 22-24 years.
At a more mature age, the prostate changes again, slightly increasing in size. If during this period the organ increases significantly, we are talking about a disease called prostate adenoma, or benign glandular hyperplasia. This disease is a pathology and affects the normal flow of urine.
Important!In a middle-aged man, the gland should be approximately 30mm long and wide and 20mm thick.
Small deviations up or down are also normal.
The prostate is responsible for reproductive function and normal urine flow.
There are several classifications of functions. So, the internal function of the gland is to produce hormones, on which the work of the whole organism as a whole depends.
The external function is to produce prostate secretion, which constitutes 30% of the composition of semen.
The muscle tissue of the prostate is responsible for the passage of prostate juice through the channels, and the glandular function is responsible for the production of this same juice.
The gland also protects the genitalia from various bacteria and infections from the urine.
The main functions of the gland are as follows:
- Secretory - the production of prostate juice and hormones, as well as enzymes, biologically active substances and vitamins.
- Motor: release of secretions during ejaculation and control of urinary excretion.
- Endocrine: the production of certain substances (proteins) that are not transported through the circulatory system, but remain directly in the prostate gland.
- Barrier - protective function. The prostate gland also serves as a gateway that separates the exit of urine and the exit of secretions during ejaculation.
Prostatitis is very common in the field of urology. One in three elderly men confronts him. The concern among doctors and their patients of the stronger sex is due to the fact that pathologies of the prostate begin to manifest themselves more and more in very young men. To avoid this problem as much as possible and protect yourself from an insidious ailment, you need to know everything about prostatitis, the measures of its prevention.
Causes of the disease
In fact, there are many factors that cause inflammation of the prostate. The reasons for the appearance of the disease, doctors include:
- Decreased protective properties of the body. With weakened immunity, our body cannot fight various viruses, microbes, and bacteria. Infections that enter the gland cause inflammation in it.
- Hypothermia of the body, especially of the legs. When a person cools down, his defenses are lowered, and as a result, the body can avoid infection.
- Various venereal diseases. The causative agents of such diseases have the most unfavorable effect on the prostate gland.
- Infections caused by various pathogens.
- Fungi can also cause inflammation.
- Stress and nervous tension can also be a trigger for the disease. After all, it is not for nothing that there is a truth among people: "all diseases are of the nerves. "The psycho-emotional state of a person directly affects the state of the organs and systems of the body.
- Irregular sex life and frequent change of partner cause a disease. With an irregular sex life, a stagnation of secretions is formed in the prostate, which is an ideal breeding ground for pathogenic microbes and bacteria. With the frequent change of partners, the microorganisms that cause the disease also enter the body.
Among the indirect reasons, which in one way or another can also become the culprits of prostatitis, are:
- Insufficient physical activity, wearing tight and uncomfortable pants.
- Bad habits (alcohol and tobacco) also cause inflammation.
- Poor quality and unbalanced nutrition.
Some doctors argue that the causes of prostatitis are deeply hidden at the genetic level, that is, there is a certain hereditary predisposition to the disease. But this version has not yet been finally tested.
Types of prostatitis
There are several species classifications of the disease. There are different types of prostatitis for the reasons for its appearance, for the duration and nature of the course of the disease.
Based on the factors provoking the disease, the following types of pathology are distinguished:
- Infectious prostatitis. The danger of this type of pathology is that the infection can affect not only the prostate gland, but also neighboring organs (bladder and intestines). Pathology occurs with a decrease in the body's defenses. The disease is caused by the herpes virus, cytomegalovirus infection, and even the common flu virus. A characteristic feature of this type of ailment is the general weakness of the body at the onset of the disease. At the initial stage, a person complains of general malaise, an increase in body temperature, and only after a while painful and uncomfortable sensations appear in the lower abdomen and during urination.
- Bacterial prostatitis is caused by the ingestion of various bacteria: intestinal, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, mycoplasma, staphylococcus aureus, Trichomonas and chlamydia. The infection enters the gland in different ways: through the urethra (with promiscuous sex, insufficient personal hygiene), through the blood (with angina, pneumonia, etc. ), through the lymph (with syphilis, diabetes, tuberculosis).
- Congestive prostatitis. This type of ailment occurs with congestion in the organ. This happens with irregular sex life, as well as with poor quality ejaculation. Insufficient ejaculation occurs with masturbation or interruption of intercourse. Then an insignificant part of the prostate juice remains in the organ and stagnates, causing the appearance of inflammatory processes. Sedentary work and insufficient physical activity can also cause stagnant processes in the gland.
By the nature and duration of the course, the disease can be acute or chronic:
- Acute prostatitis manifests itself violently, it is characterized by very pronounced symptoms. Although this form of the disease is more painful and uncomfortable, it is impossible not to notice and get started. The acute form of the disease is also divided into subspecies or stages: catarrhal, follicular and parenchymal varieties. At the initial stage of the disease, a catarrhal form occurs, it is easier and faster to treat it. But if a person still manages to ignore the acute symptoms and the disease begins, then it turns into more complex forms - follicular and parenchymal.
- Chronic prostatitis is insidious due to its mild or asymptomatic symptoms. A person may feel like they are not getting worse at all or feel and ignore mild symptoms. This type of pathology may not manifest itself in any way for several years, but it can reveal itself purely by chance during a routine medical examination.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms can vary. Most often, the disease manifests itself with the following signs:
- Painful sensations when urinating, frequent need to go to the bathroom. In this case, the urine output may be affected.
- Pain in the lower abdomen, perineum, and testicles.
- Erectile dysfunction, tight libido.
- Painful sensations during intercourse.
- General weakness, increased body temperature.
Diagnosis and treatment of pathology.
Prostatitis can be diagnosed by special tests, including:
- Finger examination. An experienced doctor, during palpation of an organ through the rectum, can determine the size of the gland (the inflamed organ increases in size).
- Ultrasound diagnosis (TRUS). Palpation alone will not be enough, and to accurately determine the state of the organ, it is necessary to perform rectal ultrasound diagnostics. In this case, the gland is diagnosed through the rectum.
- Various tests are also necessary to accurately identify the causative agent of the disease. To do this, tests of blood, urine and prostate secretions are performed.
Treatment of pathology completely depends on the form of its course, stage and the cause of its appearance. There is no universal drug for the treatment of prostatitis. Appropriate treatment can be prescribed exclusively by a medical specialist on an individual basis, depending on the results of tests and diagnoses.
Depending on the form of the disease, along with medications, the doctor can prescribe such an effective remedy for prostatitis as prostate massage. It is a massage that eliminates congestion in the organ and stimulates the proper functioning of the gland.
Important!Self-medication for prostatitis is unacceptable, this can only aggravate the disease and lead to its transition to a chronic form.
The best preventive measures are:
- Regular sex life with a regular partner.
- Avoiding hypothermia.
- Physical activity.
- Balanced nutrition and rejection of bad habits.
- Strengthening the immune system.
- Periodic examinations performed by a doctor to identify and eliminate the asymptomatic form of the disease.
Only a respectful attitude to your health will allow you to avoid many problems, including those of the prostate gland.
Knowing everything about the prostate, you can prevent the appearance of pathology. This is very important, because "male" health and reproductive function depend on the prostate. And a regular and high-quality sex life is also a guarantee of an excellent psycho-emotional state of representatives of a strong statistic.