Inflammation of the prostate gland in chronic form occurs in one in two men after 40 years. To get rid of it, patients resort to a variety of methods. But only the treatment of prostatitis with drugs is reasonable and appropriate.
The therapy is based on antibiotics and anti-inflammatories. The course is complemented with immunostimulants, analgesics, bioregulatory peptides, vitamins, herbal remedies, etc. In most cases, prostatitis can be eliminated at home, following the prescription of the attending physician.
Why are antibiotics needed for prostatitis?
There are several forms of prostatitis:
- chronic aseptic,
- chronic bacterial,
- chronic pelvic pain syndrome.
Regardless of whether or not there is a penetration of bacteria into the prostate, the world urological community recommends the use of antibiotics.
The main groups of antibacterial drugs are:
A characteristic of fluoroquinolones is good permeability in prostate tissue, high bioavailability.
At the same time, there is no difference in how to inject the drug: inside, intramuscularly or intravenously, the effectiveness will be the same. For these properties, fluoroquinolones have become popular with doctors, they are widely used to suppress prostatitis with drugs.
Tetracyclines are used when the doctor suspects the presence of atypical forms of bacteria. This can be confirmed by culture of prostate secretions and examination of urethral smears. Tetracyclines are rarely used due to their high specificity.
Macrolides are drugs that are used for gram-positive flora.
Antibiotics of this group are effective in the presence of pathogens such as:
To determine how to treat prostatitis and which of the antibiotics is better to choose, you need to submit the secret of the prostate for research. The test will confirm the presence of inflammation. After inoculating the liquid into a nutrient medium, it will be clear which antibiotic is active in this case.
The duration of treatment is determined by periodic examination of the juice of the prostate gland. The course usually lasts 2-4 weeks, but can be extended based on test results.
Pain relief with NSAIDs
Most patients with prostatitis complain of pain.
It can be located in the following parts of the body:
- the iliac region (lower abdomen),
- lower back.
This symptom leads men to consult a doctor. Therefore, the drug treatment of prostatitis is complemented by the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
NSAIDs locally relieve inflammation, edema and improve blood circulation. As a result, the pain syndrome is eliminated. It is possible to achieve a long-lasting effect by taking NSAIDs only in combination with other drugs.
Means that improve the quality of urination.
A common complaint in men with prostatitis is dysuric disorders.
During the interview, the following symptoms can be identified:
- frequent trips to the bathroom,
- feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder
- slow stream of urine,
- a mixture of blood in the urine,
- cramps when urinating
- urgency when changing body position,
- nocturnal acts of urination, etc.
All these signs of the disease significantly reduce the quality of life of patients. You can get rid of them by using alpha blockers.
The effectiveness of the funds is based on the effect on the muscular elements of the bladder, its neck and the initial sections of the urethra.
Using alpha blockers, you can achieve the following changes:
- shorten urination time,
- reduce the number of trips to the bathroom,
- get rid of getting up at night,
- improve the pressure of the urine stream, etc.
It is necessary to use the funds of this group for a long time. Urologists recommend a six-month course of therapy. This helps prevent recurrence of the disease.
Herbal medicine is an integral part of the treatment.
Recently, phytopreparations have been included in the treatment of inflammation of the prostate. They have a number of advantages over chemically derived products, including:
- relative harmlessness,
- the minimum number of side effects,
- the possibility of use for people with impaired liver and kidney function,
- availability, etc.
Known preparations include herbal extracts. They have anti-inflammatory and anti-edema effects. This helps relieve swelling, which means eliminating pain and improving urination.
The main advantage of phytopreparations is the possibility of their long-term use. This fact is especially relevant for patients with frequent relapses of the disease.
Using herbal remedies, men carry out the prevention of exacerbations. At home, you can independently prepare the fees for the treatment of male pathology.
Other remedies for prostatitis.
Complex medical treatment of prostatitis may include the following medications:
- bioregulatory peptides,
- vitamin complexes,
- muscle relaxants,
The drug combination is different. The decision on the appointment of certain funds is made by the attending physician.
The average course of active therapy for an episode of exacerbation is 1 month.
Regardless of the prescribed drugs, it is necessary to strictly follow the doctor's recommendations. You cannot drop the course, even if the symptoms of the disease have subsided.
Prostatitis usually recurs. Your treatment should be carried out under the supervision of laboratory diagnostics and ultrasound. In this case, you can achieve the maximum result.